INFINITIVES IDENTIFICATION

First read the information below and then download, print and do the exercises. Click here → INFINITIVES EXERCISES to download.

INFINITIVES

  • In English many
    verbs can exist in a sentence.
  1. My cousin lives
    in a town near here.
  2. Mary didn’t
    want
    to come to school because she feels sick.
  3. Does your sister know
    that you have found her money?
  4. We are
    listening
    to this beautiful music you lent to us last week.
  5. They need
    to see
    what you did with their investment.

In number 1, the verb live
is the main verb of the sentence.

In number 2, want and feels
are the main verbs of each clause
and didn’t is an auxiliary verb.

In number 3, know and found
are the main verbs and does
and have are auxiliary verbs.

In number 4, listening
and lent are main verbs, and are
is an auxiliary verb.

In number 5 need and did
are main verbs, and to see is
an infinitive.

  • Main verbs and
    auxiliary verbs are “conjugated”. That means a subject “does”, “is doing”,
    “did”, “will do”, etc something.

INFINITIVES ARE NOT “CONJUGATED” SO THEY HAVE NO TENSE. They do not add s/es,
ing, or ed nor do they come in the past
form in case they are irregular.

  • These sentences are incorrect because they use the spelling of a conjugation in the infinitive:

Juan Pablo needs to explaining
the class.

They want to studied the book.

She loves to swims in the sea.

  • The only exception,
    where a verb that comes after a “to” uses ing, is when using the expressions

BE USED/ACCUSTOMED TO or

GET USED/ACCUSTOMED TO.

LOOK FORWARD TO.

My father gets used/accustomed
to listening to his friends when
they talk too much

We are used/accustomed to staying in this hotel.

  • Most of the times,
    an infinitive is preceded by a “TO”.

Everyone wanted to go.

  • They can come after
    a verb that is conjugated.

For example,

SUBJECT

MAIN VERB

(conjugated)

INFINITIVE

COMPLEMENT

She

refuses

to come

to my house.

.

SUBJECT

MAIN VERB

(conjugated)

INFINITIVE

COMPLEMENT

They

want

to see

you now.

  • They can be the
    subject of a sentence.
SUBJECT MAIN VERB COMPLEMENT

To wait

seemed

foolish.

  • They can come after
    the object of a sentence.
SUBJECT MAIN VERB OBJECT INFINITIVE

The teacher

needs

Maria

to come.

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: