Pilgrim Fact Card 1


King Henry VIII of England made himself the head of the new Church of England in 1534.

Some English people did not like the new Church of England.

They created a new church and they were called “Separatists.”

Some of the Separatists were treated poorly because of their beliefs.

They moved to Holland to find religious freedom.

Some Separatists settled in the town of Leiden (or Leyden) in Holland for the next 11 or 12 years.

The Separatists decided to leave Holland because they had a hard time finding good jobs and they were afraid their children were losing their English ties.


Pilgrim Fact Card 2


The Separatists wanted to start a colony in the northern part of Virginia Colony (near present day New York City). This was at the mouth of the Hudson River.

The group had little money, but wanted to be able to worship freely in a colony in the New World.

The Separatists (or colonists) joined with a group of investors to form a joint stock company.

The investors provided the colonists with supplies and a way to get to the New World.

The colonists agreed to send fish, timber and fur back to England for seven years to pay off their debts.

Pilgrim Fact Card 3


The colonists began their trip with two ships: the Mayflower and the Speedwell.

The Speedwell leaked so badly that the ship was left behind in England.

Some of the passengers had to remain in England, too.

The rest of the passengers crowded aboard the Mayflower.

There were 102 passengers on the Mayflower and about 26 crew members.

Some of the passengers were Separatists and they called themselves “Saints”.

The Separatists called the other passengers “Strangers”.

Nowadays, we refer to all of the passengers on the Mayflower as Pilgrims or colonists.

There were many storms during the 66-day voyage.

One sailor and one passenger died.

A baby boy, Oceanus Hopkins was born during the trip.

Pilgrim Fact Card 4


The Mayflower reached Provincetown on November 11, 1620.

The dates used here are from the Old Style or Julian calendar. Add 12-13 days to make them match our current calendar.

The storms and dangerous rocky coasts forced the Mayflower to anchor in Cape Cod Bay (not at the mouth of the Hudson River as they had intended).

There were many native tribes living in southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island (24,000 people at the time the Pilgrims landed). They were part of the Wampanoag Nation.

A brief fight occurred between a group of colonists and some Nauset Wampanoag. The Natives attacked the colonists because some of their tribe had been captured and sold into slavery in the past.

The men signed the Mayflower Compact, which was an agreement on how the colony would be governed.

Many passengers became sick and four of them died while the group tried to find a good place for their colony.

Ss will now share their lists.

The T will then share the experts’ ranking. The groups must reflect on the ideal ranking.


Pilgrim Fact Card 5


The colonists, or Pilgrims, as they are commonly called, decided to settle in Plymouth.

The Pilgrims arrived in Plymouth Harbor on December 16, 1620.

The Patuxet Wampanoag had lived in Plymouth before the Pilgrims.

About 2000 Patuxet died in a plague that occurred between 1616 and 1619. The plague was probably smallpox, brought to the New World by Europeans.

Only one Patuxet, Squanto, did not die from the plague. He had been captured and sold into slavery in 1614 and was living in England when the rest of his tribe died.

The Pilgrims found that the old Patuxet lands had many things they needed:

A good harbor

A clean supply of water (Town Brook)

Fields which were already cleared

No hostile native people

A hill upon which they could build a fort.

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